What Are The Healthiest Medium Dog Breeds? Top 15 Canines

Do you want to step into the world of healthy and vibrant medium-sized dog breeds?

In this guide, I will explore some of the top contenders for the healthiest medium dog breeds.

These dogs boast remarkable vitality, longevity, and relatively few breed-specific health concerns.

From the agile and hard-working Australian Cattle Dog to the spirited and friendly Beagle, these canine companions are a testament to the benefits of responsible breeding and genetic diversity.

Whether you’re a seasoned dog enthusiast or considering bringing a new furry friend into your home, discovering the most resilient dog breeds will undoubtedly come in handy.

Top 15 Healthiest Medium Dog Breeds

healthiest medium dog breeds

The healthiest breeds of dogs include Beagle, Australian Cattle dog, Chihuahua, Greyhound, Poodle, Havanese, Siberian Husky, Basenji, Border Collie, Shiba Inue, Airedale Terrier, and more.


The Beagle is a delightful small to medium-sized dog breed known for its friendly nature and curious personality.

As reputable breeders, these pooches are generally reported to live up to around 12 to 15 years.

However, like all canine breeds, they may be susceptible to certain health issues that owners should be aware of.

Common health concerns include obesity, elbow dysplasia, epilepsy, ear infections, cherry eye conditions, and hypothyroidism.

Australian Cattle Dog

What is the healthiest breed of dog?

The Australian Cattle Dog, also called the Blue Heeler, is a medium-sized breed admired for its intelligence, agility, and exceptional herding skills.

Generally considered the healthiest dog breed, this breed typically lives for about 12 to 15 years.

However, Australian Cattle Dogs can be susceptible to specific health issues like all canine companions.

Some common concerns include hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), deafness, and certain hereditary eye conditions.


What is the healthiest medium sized dog? Despite their smaller size, Chihuahuas are known for their spirited nature and intelligence.

These little pets often enjoy a long lifespan, with some living close to 20 years. Generally, they tend to be healthy throughout most of their lives.

Common concerns that this energetic breed may encounter include heart and eye problems and patellar luxation, which refers to loose kneecaps.


The Greyhound, the fastest dog globally, is renowned for its incredible speed. On average, these robust breeds have a lifespan ranging from 10 to 13 years.

Though, with deep chests, they may be susceptible to bloat and gastric torsion, a potentially life-threatening condition where the stomach twists, especially if they eat too quickly.

Monitoring their eating habits and taking preventive treatments to reduce the risk of such conditions is essential to ensure their well-being.

Regular veterinary check-ups, a well-managed diet, and feeding practices can help keep Greyhounds healthy and thriving for years.


What is the healthiest breed of dog? Often perceived as dainty, poodles possess a contrary nature that defies stereotypes.

Beyond their adorable appearance, they are remarkably intelligent and highly athletic. Originally bred as hunting dogs, poodles exhibit exceptional hunting instincts.

These canines can accompany you for 10 to 18 years, surpassing that of many other breeds, and tend to lead healthy lives.

Despite their vigor, poodles may be susceptible to joint and eye issues, necessitating attentive care and regular veterinary check-ups.

By providing the right attention and addressing potential health concerns, your puppies can enjoy a vibrant and extended life as cherished companions.


Originating from Havana, Cuba, the Havanese holds the unique distinction of being the only dog breed native to the country.

This small, intelligent furry friend is highly trainable, friendly, and sociable.

The Havanese generally have a long and healthy life that span from 12 to 16 years. However, as with any breed, certain dogs are predisposed to congenital deafness.

Siberian Husky

what are the healthiest dog breeds

The Siberian Husky is a powerful, athletic canine with boundless energy and renowned for its remarkable sled-pulling capabilities and enduring strength.

A perfect fit for individuals who enjoy long daily runs, slow walks, or hikes, this loyal companion thrives on physical activity.

Siberian Huskies generally live healthily for 12 to 16 years.

While some individuals may have some medical issues related to eye and hip issues, responsible breeders have diligently worked to reduce the genetic predisposition to these concerns.


Basenjis are exceptional and intelligent hunting dogs recognized for their athletic and cat-like characteristics.

Instead of barking, they make a distinctive yodeling sound and have cat-like grooming habits.

These ideal companions live a long and wholesome life, with an average lifespan of 13 to 14 years and few significant health issues.

They are, nevertheless, susceptible to potential health difficulties, including hypothyroidism and hip problems.

Fortunately, early detection through regular veterinary check-ups and utilizing DNA tests for dogs can provide valuable insights into your Basenji’s breed and genetic composition.

Doing so supports you and your veterinarian to provide the best possible care and ensure a vibrant life for your cherished companion.

Border Collie

Border collies are canines that are exceptionally clever, athletic, and driven.

As the healthiest dog breeds, they flourish with a job and are willing to learn most positions, especially those that involve a lot of physical and mental energy.

These dogs are generally tough and healthy, with an average lifetime of 12-15 years, yet some are predisposed to deafness and epilepsy.

Regular veterinary check-ups and responsible breeding practices can help ensure the well-being of these delightful companions, allowing them to thrive as cherished members of their families for many years.

Shiba Inu

The Shiba Inu, a captivating and free-thinking breed, holds a prestigious position as one of the six Japanese dogs recognized as national natural monuments—a testament to its historical significance.

Dating back to 300 B.C., this breed’s enduring presence was remarkable. With a life expectancy of 13 to 15 years, Shiba Inus generally enjoy a long and fulfilling life.

Like all dogs, they may have some genetic concerns.

Still, proactive primary care focusing on proper dental hygiene and balanced nutrition can help prevent obesity and promote overall well-being.

Mixed Breed

Mixed-breed puppies are the outcome of combining different purebreds or mixed-breed canines, such as pharaoh hound pitbull mix or chow pitbull lab mix.

They aren’t usually registered or pedigreed, but they can inherit the breeds’ beneficial and poor features in their bloodline.

Nonetheless, since mixed-breed canines have a far larger gene pool than purebred dogs, they are less likely to be predisposed to certain genetic issues.

However, they still face some health issues, particularly hypothyroidism and hip problems.

Airedale Terrier

What are the healthiest dog breeds? The Airedale Terrier, bred for hunting small game and vermin in the English countryside, exhibits remarkable resilience.

Despite being the largest of all terriers, the Airedale has a notably lower incidence of hip dysplasia than other similarly-sized breeds.

Only about 10% of the Airedale population is affected, whereas other breeds may experience up to 70% rates.

However, while their joints and bones are relatively strong, these pooches may encounter certain health issues.

Heart murmurs and heart disease are relatively common in older dogs of this breed and can be a leading cause of death.

Additionally, a hereditary brain condition called cerebellar ataxia affects the dog’s balance and focus.

American Water Spaniel (AWS)

The American Water Spaniel, a working dog from the Great Lakes region, is generally healthy.

Bred for hunting, flushing, and retrieving game and waterfowl, this medium-sized dog typically exhibits a life circle of 10 to 12 years with minor health issues.

The most serious health issues facing the American Water Spaniel are heart-related.

The breed is prone to mitral valve dysfunction, which can cause heart murmurs and decreased heart efficiency over time.

They may also be predisposed to patent ductus arteriosus, a cardiac defect that can lead to heart illness or cardiac failure. Pulmonic stenosis, a valve deformity that prevents blood passage from the heart to the lungs, is also a possible case.

American Foxhound

The foxhound was intended to accomplish exactly what its name implies: hunt foxes.

Foxhounds are more commonly raised as household dogs than brave hunters, but the species has remained hearty and fairly healthy thus far.

Foxhounds, like most canines of their size (45-75 pounds), have hip dysplasia, but the most worrying issues they suffer from can be detected in the blood.

American foxhounds are vulnerable to thrombocytopathy, a platelet condition that hinders blood from clotting and can result in bleeding.

Pelger-Huet anomaly, occasionally detected in foxhounds, disrupts white blood cells.

Cairn Terrier

healthiest dog breed

The Cairn Terrier, known for its feisty and spirited nature, is a scrappy and robust dog breed.

These canines mostly lead a long life of up to 14 years and have fairly few health issues inherited from their parents compared to other purebred dogs.

Among the Cairn Terrier’s health concerns, the most serious is GCL – globoid cell leukodystrophy, an uncommon disease affecting nerve cells that can lead to weakness, tremors, and lack of coordination.

Also, it’s hard for them to fall victim to life-threatening issues, such as craniomandibular osteopathy, which can make eating painful, and glaucoma.

This condition does harm their optic nerve and potentially leads to blindness.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Are The Healthiest Dog Breeds With Few Medical Conditions?

Some of the healthiest dog breeds with few medical conditions include Australian Cattle dogs, Beagles, Greyhounds, Havanese, Siberian Husky, Basenji, Border Collie, and Shiba Inu.

Responsible breeding practices, regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, proper exercise, and early detection of potential health problems are crucial in ensuring the well-being of any dog.

What Are The Healthiest Dog Breeds – Dogs With the Least Health Problems and Long Lifespans?

The healthiest dog breeds with the least health problems and long lifespans include Australian Cattle Dog, Beagle, Greyhound, Poodles, Havanese, Siberian Husky, Basenji, Border Collie, Mixed Breeds, and Shiba Inu.

However, it’s essential to remember that individual dogs may still encounter health issues, and responsible care plays a vital role in ensuring their well-being and extending their lifespans.

What Factors Contribute To A Dog Breed Being Considered Healthy?

Several factors contribute to a dog breed being considered healthy:

  • Genetic Diversity: Breeds with a diverse gene pool tend to be healthier because it reduces the risk of inheriting genetic health issues.
  • Responsible Breeding Practices: Ethical breeding practices aim to cut down the prevalence of hereditary health problems by selecting breeding pairs with good health and genetic backgrounds.
  • Low Incidence of Genetic Health Issues: Healthy breeds have a lower occurrence of breed-specific genetic health problems.
  • Long Lifespan: Breeds that live longer on average are often considered healthier as they have fewer chronic health issues.
  • Physical Structure: Dogs with well-proportioned and balanced bodies are less prone to structural health problems and related issues.
  • Temperament: Breeds with stable and well-balanced temperaments experience less stress-related health problems.
  • Appropriate Exercise and Nutrition: Providing dogs with proper exercise and a balanced diet improves their health and well-being.
  • Regular Veterinary Care: Usually, check-ups and preventive care help detect health issues early and maintain the dog’s health.
  • Good Immune System: Dogs with robust immune systems are better equipped to fight off infections and diseases.
  • Socialization and Mental Stimulation: Dogs that receive proper socialization and mental stimulation are often healthier and happier.
  • Adherence to Breed Standards: Breeding dogs that comply with breed standards set by kennel clubs promotes healthier and genetically sound dogs.
  • Environmental Factors: A clean and safe environment keeps infections and hygiene-related diseases at bay.


The healthiest medium dog breeds offer a wonderful balance of vitality, longevity, and fewer breed-specific health concerns.

While the breeds above are known for their overall good health, it’s essential to remember that individual dogs may still encounter health issues.

Providing regular veterinary care, a balanced diet, ample exercise, and a loving environment is key to ensuring the well-being of any dog.

With proper care and attention, these healthy medium-sized breeds can bring their fortunate owners years of joy, loyalty, and companionship.


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Hi I am Mitchell. Dog Growth is a blog about dog caring and training where I share my experiences to my community. Hope you enjoy it!

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